Report Says Palliative Care for Heart Failure May Improve Outcomes for Patients and Hospitals

May 27, 2020

New research published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association, concluded that palliative measures can significantly lower the risk of repeated hospital admissions and the need for invasive procedures such as mechanical ventilation and defibrillator implantation.

New research published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association, concluded that palliative care is valuable for heart failure patients.

The research shows that palliative measures can significantly lower the risk of repeated hospital admissions and the need for invasive procedures such as mechanical ventilation and defibrillator implantation.

Using data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) External Peer Review Program, researchers identified more than 57,000 patients who had been hospitalized for heart failure at any of the 124 VA medical centers between 2010 and 2015. Among those, about 1,400 patients received palliative care prior to and during hospitalization for heart failure. Patients were matched for age, gender and similar health conditions with the same number of patients who did not receive palliative care (control group).

Researchers examined how often within six months after hospital discharge patients were readmitted, went to the intensive care unit and received procedures such as mechanical ventilation, pacemaker implantation or defibrillator implantation.  They found that :

• palliative care reduced the rates of multiple rehospitalizations. Overall, 31% of patients in the palliative care group experienced repeated hospital readmissions, compared to 40% of patients in the control group.

• Mechanical ventilation and defibrillator implantation were significantly lower in the palliative care group (2.8% for palliative care versus 5.4% in the control group; and 2.1% for palliative care versus 3.6% in the control group, respectively).

After adjusting for hospital differences around the country, palliative care reduced the chance of hospital readmission or being put on mechanical ventilation by about 25%.

"There is a misunderstanding about when palliative care would be beneficial, even within the medical community. There's a perception that it's provided only at the very end of life, and that's not true," said James L. Rudolph, M.D., S.M., study co-author and the director of the Center of Innovation in Geriatric Services at the Providence VA Medical Center. “Palliative care can be delivered along with aggressive heart failure treatment. In our study, palliative care patients still got defibrillators, went to the ICU and received mechanical ventilation," Rudolph said. "Palliative care added to heart failure treatment plans especially when a patient is hospitalized can have a big impact on the patient and the entire health system.”

Diop MS, Bowen GS, Jiang L, et al. Palliative Care Consultation Reduces Heart Failure Transitions: A Matched Analysis [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 27]. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020;e013989. doi:10.1161/JAHA.119.013989